Disclaimer. Don't rely on these old notes in lieu of reading the literature, but they can jog your memory. As a grad student long ago, my peers and I collaborated to write and exchange summaries of political science research. I posted them to a wiki-style website. "Wikisum" is now dead but archived here. I cannot vouch for these notes' accuracy, nor can I even say who wrote them. If you have more recent summaries to add to this collection, send them my way I guess. Sorry for the ads; they cover the costs of keeping this online.
Ostrom. 1990. Governing the commons. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
The point of this chapter is to examine market-based (non-governmental) solutions to the tragedy of the commons, yet most of these solutions seem to be governmental. The people get together, they establish some social contract, and they elect somebody from within their group to monitor, or make regulations, and so on. True, this agreement is technically "non-governmental" in that it is not administered by the formal government that we like to think of, but it seems to me that they are simply establishing a local representative government.
Seven design principles common to the four cases (these are quoted; Ostrom specifies that she's not yet persuaded that these are 7 necessary conditions for the establishment of a successful regime to manage common pool resources, but that she thinks further research might show that [or something similar] to be the case):
For CPRs that are parts of a larger system:
Research on similar subjects