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Disclaimer. Don't rely on these old notes in lieu of reading the literature, but they can jog your memory. As a grad student long ago, my peers and I collaborated to write and exchange summaries of political science research. I posted them to a wiki-style website. "Wikisum" is now dead but archived here. I cannot vouch for these notes' accuracy, nor can I say who wrote them.
Rokkan. State formation, nation-building, and mass politics in Europe (pgs 244-260). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
In the model, four institutional thresholds to examine--how long did it take each state to meet each one? (1) Legitimation: "From which year or decade will historians judge that there was regular protection of the rights of assembly, expression, and publication, and within what limits?" (2) Incorporation: When did those with opposing views get to be incorporated (formally) into the process of being represented and heard (I think--unclear)? (3) Representation: "When and in what ways were the barriers [to representation of new movements] lowered to make it easier to gain seats in the legislature?" (4) Executive powers: At what point did the legislature gain actual influence over executive policy? (pg 247).
Research by the same authors
Research on similar subjects
Rokkan, Stein (author) • Comparative Politics • Parties • Democracy • Origins
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