Disclaimer. Don't rely on these old notes in lieu of reading the literature, but they can jog your memory. As a grad student long ago, my peers and I collaborated to write and exchange summaries of political science research. I posted them to a wiki-style website. "Wikisum" is now dead but archived here. I cannot vouch for these notes' accuracy, nor can I even say who wrote them. If you have more recent summaries to add to this collection, send them my way I guess. Sorry for the ads; they cover the costs of keeping this online.
Niemi, Stanley, and Vogel. 1995. State economies and state taxes: Do voters hold governors accountable? American Journal of Political Science.
Previous studies of gubernatorial elections have suggested that national, not state, economics drive the results. Niemi et al challenge these findings by showing that governors are held responsible for increased taxes. Governors who preside over tax increases or poor (state) economic performance are likely to either not seek reelection or be hurt at the polls. The authors do find that national factors have a strong influence, but they wish to emphasize that state-level factors do matter.
They examine survey data, in which respondents report who they voted for, their evaluations of the state and national economies, pocketbook variables, and so on. They combine these survey results with objective data on tax changes, taken from 'The Book of the States'.
Does it matter whether the governor is a Republican or a Democrat? It seems that a Democrat who raises taxes will be accused by her Republican challenger of being a "big government liberal," while a Republican who raises taxes might feel less threatened--after all, a Democratic challenger can't credibly promise austerity (though the Republican might be hurt in the primaries).
Research by the same authors
Research on similar subjects
Niemi, Richard (author) • Stanley, Harold (author) • Vogel, Ronald (author) • Political Science • American Politics • State Politics (U.S.) • Gubernatorial Elections • Voting • Retrospective Voting • Economic Voting