Disclaimer. Don't rely on these old notes in lieu of reading the literature, but they can jog your memory. As a grad student long ago, my peers and I collaborated to write and exchange summaries of political science research. I posted them to a wiki-style website. "Wikisum" is now dead but archived here. I cannot vouch for these notes' accuracy, nor can I even say who wrote them. If you have more recent summaries to add to this collection, send them my way I guess. Sorry for the ads; they cover the costs of keeping this online.
McCloskey and Brill. 1983. Dimensions of tolerance.
Tolerance is a learned behavior. Those who have more education or participate more in politics/law support civil rights and tolerance. Thus, it is the elites that keep American civil liberties alive. Common Americans tend to support civil rights in the abstract more than in practical applications.
(A counterliterature arose claiming that common Americans really do support democracy.)
(Criticism: if only elites keep civil liberties alive, how is not to their electoral advantage not to?)
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