Disclaimer. Don't rely on these old notes in lieu of reading the literature, but they can jog your memory. As a grad student long ago, my peers and I collaborated to write and exchange summaries of political science research. I posted them to a wiki-style website. "Wikisum" is now dead but archived here. I cannot vouch for these notes' accuracy, nor can I say who wrote them.
Brown. 1995. Party cleavages and welfare effort in the American states. American Political Science Review 89: 23-34.
Scholars have found inconclusive results when studying whether Democratic control of the state government correlates with higher welfare spending. Brown points out that scholars have neglected an important variable: the nature of each state's cleavage system.
X: STATE PARTY CLEAVAGES
Using a novel technique, Brown shows which cleavages matter most in most states (see Table 2, pg 26). He then identifies three ideal types (see Table 3, pg 28):
Y: STATE WELFARE EFFORT
Hypothesis: States with a class-based (New Deal) cleavage will spend the most on welfare.
State resources (income per capita vs size of welfare-receiving population), elite values (the liberalism of those in government), and racism (which is poorly measured; see below).
See Table 4, pg 30, for regression results. "New Deal" is the baseline category. Thus:
IN ENGLISH: The effect of party control is 9.5 times greater in New Deal states than in post-New Deal states, and 5.5 times stronger in New Deal states than in Southern states. All predictions are borne out.
FOOD FOR THOUGHT
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