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Disclaimer. Don't rely on these old notes in lieu of reading the literature, but they can jog your memory. As a grad student long ago, my peers and I collaborated to write and exchange summaries of political science research. I posted them to a wiki-style website. "Wikisum" is now dead but archived here. I cannot vouch for these notes' accuracy, nor can I say who wrote them.
Oye. 1986. Explaining cooperation under anarchy: Hypotheses and strategies. In Cooperation under Anarchy, ed. Oye, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
See Fearon 1998 for a formal contradiction to two points made here. First, Fearon claims that simplistic models like prisoner's dilemma are not the appropriate model to understand bargaining situations; they analyze how states might enforce cooperation without explaining how they decide on the terms of cooperation in the first place. He also claims that the "shadow of the future" (iteration, in Oye's article) is not necessarily a good thing, as it may increase incentives to hold out in negotiations for a better deal.
Three important factors affecting cooperation:
Opinions: Nice overview for a symposium. Maybe in 1985, not that many political scientists were as familiar with these concepts as they are today. This paper/chapter does not really try to make an original contribution to our understanding of IR, so it is perhaps not fair to criticize it for failing to do so. But I think most people who have taken one semester of game theory would find most of Oye's points obvious. [from handout]
Research on similar subjects
Oye, Kenneth (author) • International Relations • Cooperation • Game Theory • Anarchy • Alliances
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