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Senator Howard A. Stephenson
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 1993
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2018
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2018: 0
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2018: 26

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Sen. Howard A. Stephenson's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Sen. Stephenson's statistical profile

Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber SenateSenateSenateSenateSenateSenateSenateSenateSenateSenateSenateSenate
  District S11S11S11S11S11S11S11S11S11S11S11S11
Leadership NoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNone
Years in chamber 151617181920212223242526
Years comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Stephenson 181181213881718181414
Chamber average
Difference +8.4+1.2-1.0+3.1+2.4-1.8-2.8+6.4+6.6+7.9+3.4+4.4
Comparison HigherHigher====HigherHigherLowerLowerHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Sen. Stephenson's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 181181213881718181414
Bills passed 1084111175101013814
Passage rate 55.6%72.7%50.0%91.7%84.6%87.5%62.5%58.8%55.6%72.2%57.1%100.0%
Chamber average 62.5%68.0%62.8%68.6%70.2%71.7%65.4%69.7%68.2%67.6%73.7%83.3%
Difference -6.9+4.7-12.8+23.1+14.4+15.8-2.9-10.9-12.6+4.6-16.6+16.7
Comparison ====LowerHigherHigherHigher==LowerLower==LowerHigher
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 2412111261381711111118
Chamber average 11.611.511.111.011.411.811.111.512.312.813.414.2
Difference +12.4+0.5-0.1+1.0-5.4+1.2-3.1+5.5-1.3-1.8-2.4+3.8
Comparison HigherHigher======Lower==LowerHigher========
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 111721301321031807215413914311097
Total votes held 820806807786940890940840951860913926
Absentee rate 13.5%8.9%16.1%16.8%11.0%20.2%7.7%18.3%14.6%16.6%12.0%10.5%
Chamber average 8.9%9.6%11.1%11.9%14.4%9.9%11.1%11.5%11.7%14.0%10.4%13.1%
Difference +4.6-0.7+5.0+4.9-3.4+10.3-3.4+6.8+2.9+2.6+1.6-2.6
Comparison Higher==HigherHigherLowerHigherHigherLowerHigherHigherHigher======
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 444231533044614465241930
Total votes held 820806807786940890940840951860913926
"Nay" rate 5.4%5.2%3.8%6.7%3.2%4.9%6.5%5.2%6.8%2.8%2.1%3.2%
Chamber average 4.1%4.1%4.1%4.6%3.4%4.8%3.7%3.6%4.8%3.7%2.8%3.2%
Difference +1.3+1.1-0.3+2.1-0.2+0.1+2.8+1.6+2.0-0.9-0.7+0.0
Comparison HigherHigher==HigherHigher====HigherHigherHigherHigherLower====
Influence or "floor power" (learn more). What percentage of the time is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Floor power score 60.7%73.8%71.6%60.0%87.5%70.8%49.2%43.1%59.6%72.4%75.0%69.1%
Chamber average 69.8%69.1%69.6%70.2%71.7%70.5%68.6%67.3%68.5%66.8%67.9%68.2%
Difference -9.1+4.7+2.0-10.2+15.8+0.3-19.4-24.2-8.9+5.6+7.1+0.9
Comparison Lower====LowerHigher==LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerHigherHigher==
Ideology score 1 (from interest group ratings). Half a dozen interest groups release ratings of each legislator after each legislative session. I rescale them all from 0 (most liberal) to 100 (most conservative) and average them together, resulting in the numbers reported here.
Average rating 82.073.571.088.787.768.681.6nanananana
Chamber average 57.750.060.569.373.559.264.3nanananana
Difference +24.3+23.5+10.5+19.4+14.2+9.4+17.3nanananana
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHighernanananana
Ideology score 2 (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using a widely accepted scaling method, I calculate each legislator's ideology score (called a "NOMINATE" score) after each legislative session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning; they are useful only for comparing two legislators. A legislator with a higher score is more to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
NOMINATE score 87.982.790.395.193.879.999.495.591.456.157.083.8
Chamber average 0.45.536.628.
Difference +87.5+77.2+53.7+67.1+49.8+47.8+74.5+62.9+65.2+20.4+31.6+60.1
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Sen. Stephenson support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 94.6%94.7%96.3%93.9%97.3%94.2%94.5%94.2%92.2%96.5%97.8%97.1%
Chamber average 96.7%97.1%97.2%97.1%97.8%96.5%97.0%96.7%95.9%97.1%97.8%97.3%
Difference -2.1-2.4-0.9-3.2-0.5-2.3-2.5-2.5-3.7-0.6+0.0-0.2
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower======
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 92.7%86.0%96.4%94.2%95.5%93.4%90.4%95.0%90.9%83.0%86.3%91.5%
Chamber average 83.4%84.8%89.5%88.5%91.2%88.0%85.0%84.1%82.5%87.1%86.4%85.4%
Difference +9.3+1.2+6.9+5.7+4.3+5.4+5.4+10.9+8.4-4.1-0.1+6.1
Comparison Higher==HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherLower==Higher

Votes on Sen. Stephenson's bills

Many votes have been held on bills sponsored by Sen. Stephenson. In the interest of space, I display only the most and least divisive votes held on Sen. Stephenson's bills.

Sen. Stephenson's most divisive bills

Listed below are the 10 votes on bills sponsored by Sen. Stephenson that had the closest vote margin (as a percent of the total votes cast). When there are ties, I list the most recent bills first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2014 Stephenson SB0202 14 14 0.0% Senate/ failed
2014 Stephenson SB0257 38 37 1.3% House/ passed 3rd reading
2008 Stephenson SB0045S02 34 36 2.9% House/ failed
2014 Stephenson SB0202 15 12 11.1% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2015 Stephenson SB0078 39 31 11.4% House/ passed 3rd reading
2014 Stephenson SB0093S02 40 31 12.7% House/ passed 3rd reading
2011 Stephenson SB0065S01 13 10 13.0% Senate/ failed
2013 Stephenson SB0110S01 12 16 14.3% Senate/ failed
2010 Stephenson SB0203S02 16 12 14.3% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2011 Stephenson SB0224 17 12 17.2% Senate/ passed 3rd reading

Sen. Stephenson's least divisive bills

Listed below are the 10 votes on bills sponsored by Sen. Stephenson that had the widest vote margin (as a percent of the total votes cast). When there are ties, I display the most recent bills first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2018 Stephenson SCR016 66 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Stephenson SCR016 26 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2018 Stephenson SB0244 70 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Stephenson SB0244 26 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2018 Stephenson SB0195 27 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Stephenson SB0195 23 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2018 Stephenson SB0176S01 68 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Stephenson SB0176S01 27 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Stephenson SB0176S01 23 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2018 Stephenson SB0173S01 24 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 3rd reading