Menu Adam R Brown

Return to the Guide to the Utah Legislature.

Representative Paul Ray
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 2001
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2020
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2020: 18
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2020: 0

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Rep. Paul Ray's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Rep. Ray's statistical profile

20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber HouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouse
  District H13H13H13H13H13H13H13H13H13H13H13H13H13H13
  Party RRRRRRRRRRRRRR
Leadership NoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNone
Years in chamber 56789101112131415161718
Years comparison ====HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Ray 1313111416161311121610161516
Chamber average 6.16.15.96.16.36.45.86.46.77.06.77.17.37.3
Difference +6.9+6.9+5.1+7.9+9.7+9.6+7.2+4.6+5.3+9.0+3.3+8.9+7.7+8.7
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Rep. Ray's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 1313111416161311121610161516
Bills passed 67687677995799
Passage rate 46.2%53.8%54.5%57.1%43.8%37.5%53.8%63.6%75.0%56.3%50.0%43.8%60.0%56.3%
Chamber average 50.6%52.8%59.9%60.9%55.0%54.3%65.8%52.2%63.0%53.5%61.4%53.4%63.5%57.6%
Difference -4.4+1.0-5.4-3.8-11.2-16.8-12.0+11.4+12.0+2.8-11.4-9.6-3.5-1.3
Comparison ========LowerLowerLowerHigherHigher==LowerLower====
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 47253612889871210
Chamber average 3.13.22.82.83.33.13.53.53.83.33.63.43.43.1
Difference +0.9+3.8-0.8+2.2-0.3+2.9+8.5+4.5+4.2+5.7+4.4+3.6+8.6+6.9
Comparison ==Higher==Higher==HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 48544063771058251108721006211798
Total votes held 602616600614651651658664699657727734752698
Absentee rate 8.0%8.8%6.7%10.3%11.8%16.1%12.5%7.7%15.5%11.0%13.8%8.4%15.6%14.0%
Chamber average 8.3%8.3%6.0%6.8%7.1%5.7%5.9%6.2%6.3%6.4%5.2%8.0%6.4%7.1%
Difference -0.3+0.5+0.7+3.5+4.7+10.4+6.6+1.5+9.2+4.6+8.6+0.4+9.2+6.9
Comparison ======HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher==HigherHigherHigherHigherHigher==HigherHigherHigher
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 2418333439283546382426312939
Total votes held 602616600614651651658664699657727734752698
"Nay" rate 4.0%2.9%5.5%5.5%6.0%4.3%5.3%6.9%5.4%3.7%3.6%4.2%3.9%5.6%
Chamber average 7.2%6.0%8.1%7.4%8.4%7.8%7.3%7.5%8.6%7.3%7.1%6.5%6.5%7.0%
Difference -3.2-3.1-2.6-1.9-2.4-3.5-2.0-0.6-3.2-3.6-3.5-2.3-2.6-1.4
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower==LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Influence or "floor power" (learn more). What percentage of the time is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Floor power score 78.1%81.5%78.2%80.2%75.0%77.6%78.0%67.1%78.0%81.1%84.9%79.6%76.3%70.8%
Chamber average 66.5%68.9%66.5%69.0%69.1%67.5%66.5%67.1%67.3%66.2%66.8%66.3%68.3%67.0%
Difference +11.6+12.6+11.7+11.2+5.9+10.1+11.5-0.0+10.7+14.9+18.1+13.3+8.0+3.8
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher==HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Ideology score 1 (from interest group ratings). Half a dozen interest groups release ratings of each legislator after each legislative session. I rescale them all from 0 (most liberal) to 100 (most conservative) and average them together, resulting in the numbers reported here.
Average rating 63.058.468.768.786.053.253.8nanananananana
Chamber average 56.946.655.260.868.557.356.8nanananananana
Difference +6.1+11.8+13.5+7.9+17.5-4.1-3.0nanananananana
Comparison ==HigherHigherHigherHigher====nanananananana
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Ideology score 2 (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using a widely accepted scaling method, I calculate each legislator's ideology score (called a "NOMINATE" score) after each legislative session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning; they are useful only for comparing two legislators. A legislator with a higher score is more to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
NOMINATE score 25.715.131.713.011.79.27.226.326.627.634.55.831.430.6
Chamber average 3.7-2.53.9-4.90.99.17.99.519.025.220.79.816.117.4
Difference +22.0+17.6+27.8+17.9+10.8+0.1-0.7+16.8+7.6+2.4+13.8-4.0+15.3+13.2
Comparison HigherHigherHigher========Higher============
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Rep. Ray support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 96.7%97.3%94.5%94.2%94.2%93.9%94.4%93.8%95.1%96.7%97.3%95.8%96.1%94.2%
Chamber average 94.5%95.4%94.3%94.7%93.7%94.3%94.7%94.1%93.8%94.6%94.9%93.8%95.4%94.8%
Difference +2.2+1.9+0.2-0.5+0.5-0.4-0.3-0.3+1.3+2.1+2.4+2.0+0.7-0.6
Comparison HigherHigher============HigherHigherHigher======
 
20072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 81.5%87.3%81.9%82.1%82.0%72.2%72.9%80.0%84.1%85.2%92.8%77.1%79.4%77.2%
Chamber average 79.3%81.7%81.4%84.3%85.1%82.7%81.2%80.1%81.9%85.4%87.1%83.0%84.6%83.5%
Difference +2.2+5.6+0.5-2.2-3.1-10.5-8.3-0.1+2.2-0.2+5.7-5.9-5.2-6.3
Comparison ==Higher======LowerLowerLower======HigherLowerLowerLower

Votes on Rep. Ray's bills

Many votes have been held on bills sponsored by Rep. Ray. In the interest of space, I display only the most and least divisive votes held on Rep. Ray's bills.

Rep. Ray's most divisive bills

Listed below are the 10 votes on bills sponsored by Rep. Ray that had the closest vote margin (as a percent of the total votes cast). When there are ties, I list the most recent bills first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2017 Ray HB0176 38 37 1.3% House/ passed 3rd reading
2017 Ray HB0428S01 38 36 2.7% House/ passed 3rd reading
2010 Ray HB0196S01 39 35 5.4% House/ passed 3rd reading
2015 Ray HB0011 39 34 6.8% House/ passed 3rd reading
2010 Ray HB0174 39 33 8.3% House/ passed 3rd reading
2015 Ray HB0011 15 12 11.1% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2012 Ray HB0049S03 38 29 13.4% House/ floor amendment
2014 Ray HB0112S10 40 29 15.9% House/ substituted
2014 Ray HB0112S09 40 29 15.9% House/ substituted
2012 Ray HB0095S01 41 29 17.1% House/ concurs with Senate amendment

Rep. Ray's least divisive bills

Listed below are the 10 votes on bills sponsored by Rep. Ray that had the widest vote margin (as a percent of the total votes cast). When there are ties, I display the most recent bills first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2020 Ray HJR024 24 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2020 Ray HJR024 74 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Ray HB0494S01 71 0 100.0% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2020 Ray HB0494S01 28 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Ray HB0494S01 74 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Ray HB0374S04 27 0 100.0% Senate Conference Committee - Final Passage
2020 Ray HB0374S04 28 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2020 Ray HB0373S03 59 0 100.0% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2020 Ray HB0373S03 72 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Ray HB0272S04 62 0 100.0% House/ concurs with Senate amendment