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Representative Karen Kwan
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 2017
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2020
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2020: 4
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2020: 0

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Rep. Karen Kwan's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Rep. Kwan's statistical profile

Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber HouseHouseHouseHouse
  District H34H34H34H34
  Party DDDD
Leadership NoneNoneCaucusMgrCaucusMgr
Years in chamber 1234
Years comparison LowerLowerLowerLower
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Kwan 2664
Chamber average
Difference -4.7-1.1-1.3-3.3
Comparison LowerLower====Lower
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Rep. Kwan's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 2664
Bills passed 2462
Passage rate 100.0%66.7%100.0%50.0%
Chamber average 61.4%53.4%63.5%57.6%
Difference +38.6+13.3+36.5-7.6
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigher==
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 1010
Chamber average
Difference -2.6-3.4-2.4-3.1
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLower
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 17351836
Total votes held 727734752698
Absentee rate 2.3%4.8%2.4%5.2%
Chamber average 5.2%8.0%6.4%7.1%
Difference -2.9-3.2-4.0-1.9
Comparison Lower==Lower==
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 101686451
Total votes held 727734752698
"Nay" rate 13.9%9.3%8.5%7.3%
Chamber average 7.1%6.5%6.5%7.0%
Difference +6.8+2.8+2.0+0.3
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigher==
Influence or "floor power" (learn more). What percentage of the time is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Floor power score 52.9%57.6%47.3%60.0%
Chamber average 66.8%66.3%68.3%67.0%
Difference -13.9-8.7-21.0-7.0
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Ideology score 1 (from interest group ratings). Half a dozen interest groups release ratings of each legislator after each legislative session. I rescale them all from 0 (most liberal) to 100 (most conservative) and average them together, resulting in the numbers reported here.
Average rating nananana
Chamber average nananana
Difference nananana
Comparison nananana
Ideology score 2 (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using a widely accepted scaling method, I calculate each legislator's ideology score (called a "NOMINATE" score) after each legislative session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning; they are useful only for comparing two legislators. A legislator with a higher score is more to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
NOMINATE score -90.7-87.4-80.4-76.6
Chamber average 20.79.816.117.4
Difference -111.4-97.2-96.5-94.0
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Rep. Kwan support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 97.2%98.4%97.8%98.0%
Chamber average 94.9%93.8%95.4%94.8%
Difference +2.3+4.6+2.4+3.2
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 92.6%93.0%90.4%92.1%
Chamber average 87.1%83.0%84.6%83.5%
Difference +5.5+10.0+5.8+8.6
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigher

Votes on Rep. Kwan's bills

Only 16 bills sponsored by Rep. Kwan have come to a vote. Listed below are all votes held on bills that Rep. Kwan sponsored. The votes are sorted by vote margin, with the most divisive votes listed first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2020 Kwan HB0256 48 26 29.7% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kwan HB0206 16 6 45.5% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2018 Kwan HB0209S01 54 16 54.3% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kwan HB0263S02 59 13 63.9% House/ passed 3rd reading
2019 Kwan HB0154 70 2 94.4% House/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Kwan HB0414S02 71 2 94.5% House/ passed 3rd reading
2017 Kwan HB0170 72 1 97.3% House/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Kwan HB0256 23 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2020 Kwan HB0119 27 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Kwan HB0119 75 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading