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Representative Michael S. Kennedy
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 2013
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2018
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2018: 6
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2018: 0

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Rep. Michael S. Kennedy's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Rep. Kennedy's statistical profile

Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber HouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouse
  District H27H27H27H27H27H27
  Party RRRRRR
Leadership NoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNone
Years in chamber 123456
Years comparison LowerLowerLowerLower====
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Kennedy 346442
Chamber average
Difference -2.8-2.4-0.7-3.0-2.7-5.1
Comparison LowerLower==LowerLowerLowerLower
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Rep. Kennedy's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 346442
Bills passed 214222
Passage rate 66.7%25.0%66.7%50.0%50.0%100.0%
Chamber average 65.8%52.2%63.0%53.5%61.4%53.4%
Difference +0.9-27.2+3.7-3.5-11.4+46.6
Comparison ==Lower====LowerHigherHigher
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 235365
Chamber average
Difference -1.5-0.5+1.2-0.3+2.4+1.6
Comparison Lower======HigherHigher
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 11612na29
Total votes held 658664699657727734
Absentee rate 1.7%0.9%1.7%0.0%0.3%1.2%
Chamber average 5.9%6.2%6.3%6.4%5.2%8.0%
Difference -4.2-5.3-4.6-6.4-4.9-6.8
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 383265563548
Total votes held 658664699657727734
"Nay" rate 5.8%4.8%9.3%8.5%4.8%6.5%
Chamber average 7.3%7.5%8.6%7.3%7.1%6.5%
Difference -1.5-2.7+0.7+1.2-2.3+0.0
Comparison LowerLowerLower==HigherLower==
Influence or "floor power" (learn more). What percentage of the time is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Floor power score 74.6%76.9%61.0%50.0%69.9%68.3%
Chamber average 66.5%67.1%67.3%66.2%66.8%66.3%
Difference +8.1+9.8-6.3-16.2+3.1+2.0
Comparison HigherHigherHigherLowerLowerLower====
Ideology score 1 (from interest group ratings). Half a dozen interest groups release ratings of each legislator after each legislative session. I rescale them all from 0 (most liberal) to 100 (most conservative) and average them together, resulting in the numbers reported here.
Average rating 79.7nanananana
Chamber average 56.8nanananana
Difference +22.9nanananana
Comparison HigherHighernanananana
Ideology score 2 (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using a widely accepted scaling method, I calculate each legislator's ideology score (called a "NOMINATE" score) after each legislative session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning; they are useful only for comparing two legislators. A legislator with a higher score is more to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
NOMINATE score 39.539.867.865.252.548.5
Chamber average 7.99.519.
Difference +31.6+30.3+48.8+40.0+31.8+38.7
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Rep. Kennedy support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 95.4%94.8%90.4%91.4%95.0%94.3%
Chamber average 94.7%94.1%93.8%94.6%94.9%93.8%
Difference +0.7+0.7-3.4-3.2+0.1+0.5
Comparison ====LowerLowerLowerLower====
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 85.5%80.9%81.1%81.1%92.6%93.1%
Chamber average 81.2%80.1%81.9%85.4%87.1%83.0%
Difference +4.3+0.8-0.8-4.3+5.5+10.1
Comparison Higher====LowerHigherHigher

Votes on Rep. Kennedy's bills

Only 16 bills sponsored by Rep. Kennedy have come to a vote. Listed below are all votes held on bills that Rep. Kennedy sponsored. The votes are sorted by vote margin, with the most divisive votes listed first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2017 Kennedy HB0136 20 8 42.9% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2017 Kennedy HB0136 52 19 46.5% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2017 Kennedy HB0136 59 14 61.6% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kennedy HJR007 21 4 68.0% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2014 Kennedy HB0081S01 66 4 88.6% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kennedy HJR007 21 1 90.9% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kennedy HB0331 22 1 91.3% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kennedy HB0331 22 1 91.3% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2016 Kennedy HB0113 69 3 91.7% House/ passed 3rd reading
2017 Kennedy HB0142S04 69 1 97.1% House/ passed 3rd reading