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Senator Michael S. Kennedy
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 2013
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2022
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2022: 6
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2022: 2

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Sen. Michael S. Kennedy's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Sen. Kennedy's statistical profile

20132014201520162017201820212022
Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber HouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseSenateSenate
  District H27H27H27H27H27H27S14S14
  Party RRRRRRRR
Leadership NoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNone
Years in chamber 12345612
Years comparison LowerLowerLowerLower====LowerLower
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Kennedy 34644247
Chamber average 5.86.46.77.06.77.19.49.6
Difference -2.8-2.4-0.7-3.0-2.7-5.1-5.4-2.6
Comparison LowerLower==LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Sen. Kennedy's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 34644247
Bills passed 21422216
Passage rate 67%25%67%50%50%100%25%86%
Chamber average 66%52%63%54%61%53%71%71%
Difference +1.2-27.2+4.0-3.5-11.4+47-45.7+15
Comparison ==Lower====LowerHigherHigherLowerLowerHigher
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 2353652020
Chamber average 3.53.53.83.33.63.41213
Difference -1.5-0.5+1.2-0.3+2.4+1.6+7.6+6.6
Comparison Lower======HigherHigherHigherHigher
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 11612na2955
Total votes held 658664699657727734919931
Absentee rate 1.7%0.9%1.7%0.0%0.3%1.2%0.5%0.5%
Chamber average 5.9%6.2%6.3%6.4%5.2%8.0%8.0%12%
Difference -4.2-5.3-4.6-6.4-4.9-6.8-7.5-11.7
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 3832655635483938
Total votes held 658664699657727734919931
"Nay" rate 5.8%4.8%9.3%8.5%4.8%6.5%4.2%4.1%
Chamber average 7.3%7.5%8.6%7.3%7.1%6.5%4.0%2.6%
Difference -1.5-2.7+0.7+1.2-2.3+0.0+0.2+1.5
Comparison LowerLowerLower==HigherLower====Higher
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
Winning side rate (learn more). What percentage of the time (excluding near-unanimous votes) is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Winning side rate 75%77%61%50%70%68%67%45%
Chamber average 67%67%67%66%67%66%70%71%
Difference +8.1+9.8-6.3-16.2+3.1+2.0-2.9-25.9
Comparison HigherHigherHigherLowerLowerLower======LowerLower
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
Ideology score (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using W-NOMINATE algorithm developed by Congressional scholars, I calculate each legislator's relative ideology after each General Session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning. They are only relative: A legislator with a higher score is to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. Scores may be compared only within a single chamber and a single year. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
Contact me for scores. They get misinterpreted often enough that I now provide them only to political scientists.
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Sen. Kennedy support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 95%95%90%91%95%94%96%96%
Chamber average 95%94%94%95%95%94%97%98%
Difference +0.7+0.7-3.4-3.2+0.1+0.5-1.5-1.7
Comparison ====LowerLowerLowerLower====LowerLowerLower
 
20132014201520162017201820212022
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 86%81%81%81%93%93%92%97%
Chamber average 81%80%82%85%87%83%88%92%
Difference +4.3+0.8-0.8-4.3+5.5+10+3.9+5.6
Comparison Higher====LowerHigherHigherHigherHigher

Votes on Sen. Kennedy's bills

Many votes have been held on bills sponsored by Sen. Kennedy. In the interest of space, I display only the most and least divisive votes held on Sen. Kennedy's bills.

Sen. Kennedy's most divisive bills

Listed below are the 10 votes on bills sponsored by Sen. Kennedy that had the closest vote margin (as a percent of the total votes cast). When there are ties, I list the most recent bills first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2021 Kennedy SB0208S01 17 11 21% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2017 Kennedy HB0136 20 8 43% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2017 Kennedy HB0136 52 19 46% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2017 Kennedy HB0136 59 14 62% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kennedy HJR007 21 4 68% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2014 Kennedy HB0081S01 66 4 89% House/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kennedy HJR007 21 1 91% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kennedy HB0331 22 1 91% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2018 Kennedy HB0331 22 1 91% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2016 Kennedy HB0113 69 3 92% House/ passed 3rd reading

Sen. Kennedy's least divisive bills

Listed below are the 10 votes on bills sponsored by Sen. Kennedy that had the widest vote margin (as a percent of the total votes cast). When there are ties, I display the most recent bills first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2022 Kennedy SB0154S02 67 0 100% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0154S02 23 0 100% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0154S02 22 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0144S01 70 0 100% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0144S01 28 0 100% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0144S01 28 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0122S02 25 0 100% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0122S02 23 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0047 72 0 100% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Kennedy SB0047 27 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension