Menu Adam R Brown

Return to the Guide to the Utah Legislature.

Representative Sandra Hollins
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 2015
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2020
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2020: 6
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2020: 0

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Rep. Sandra Hollins's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Rep. Hollins's statistical profile

Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber HouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouse
  District H23H23H23H23H23H23
  Party DDDDDD
Leadership NoneNoneCaucusMgrCaucusMgrNoneNone
Years in chamber 123456
Years comparison LowerLowerLowerLower====
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Hollins 142123
Chamber average
Difference -5.7-3.0-4.7-6.1-5.3-4.3
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Rep. Hollins's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 142123
Bills passed 121122
Passage rate 100.0%50.0%50.0%100.0%100.0%66.7%
Chamber average 63.0%53.5%61.4%53.4%63.5%57.6%
Difference +37.0-3.5-11.4+46.6+36.5+9.1
Comparison HigherHigher==LowerHigherHigherHigherHigher==
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 001101
Chamber average
Difference -3.8-3.3-2.6-2.4-3.4-2.1
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 41421768124
Total votes held 699657727734752698
Absentee rate 0.6%2.1%2.9%10.4%10.8%3.4%
Chamber average 6.3%6.4%5.2%8.0%6.4%7.1%
Difference -5.7-4.3-2.3+2.4+4.4-3.7
Comparison LowerLowerLower==HigherLower
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 9387109636054
Total votes held 699657727734752698
"Nay" rate 13.3%13.2%15.0%8.6%8.0%7.7%
Chamber average 8.6%7.3%7.1%6.5%6.5%7.0%
Difference +4.7+5.9+7.9+2.1+1.5+0.7
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher==
Influence or "floor power" (learn more). What percentage of the time is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Floor power score 54.6%54.2%49.5%56.0%48.0%60.4%
Chamber average 67.3%66.2%66.8%66.3%68.3%67.0%
Difference -12.7-12.0-17.3-10.3-20.3-6.6
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Ideology score 1 (from interest group ratings). Half a dozen interest groups release ratings of each legislator after each legislative session. I rescale them all from 0 (most liberal) to 100 (most conservative) and average them together, resulting in the numbers reported here.
Average rating nananananana
Chamber average nananananana
Difference nananananana
Comparison nananananana
Ideology score 2 (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using a widely accepted scaling method, I calculate each legislator's ideology score (called a "NOMINATE" score) after each legislative session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning; they are useful only for comparing two legislators. A legislator with a higher score is more to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
NOMINATE score -82.9-88.2-95.2-89.1-77.5-89.9
Chamber average
Difference -101.9-113.4-115.9-98.9-93.6-107.3
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Rep. Hollins support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 98.4%98.8%96.2%98.3%98.1%96.9%
Chamber average 93.8%94.6%94.9%93.8%95.4%94.8%
Difference +4.6+4.2+1.3+4.5+2.7+2.1
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 95.6%97.7%94.7%95.1%90.5%91.7%
Chamber average 81.9%85.4%87.1%83.0%84.6%83.5%
Difference +13.7+12.3+7.6+12.1+5.9+8.2
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher

Votes on Rep. Hollins's bills

Only 10 bills sponsored by Rep. Hollins have come to a vote. Listed below are all votes held on bills that Rep. Hollins sponsored. The votes are sorted by vote margin, with the most divisive votes listed first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2017 Hollins HB0156S01 40 32 11.1% House/ passed 3rd reading
2017 Hollins HB0156S01 47 23 34.3% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2018 Hollins HR0001S01 48 22 37.1% House/ passed 3rd reading
2015 Hollins HCR004 69 1 97.1% House/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Hollins HCR010 25 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2020 Hollins HCR010 67 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading
2020 Hollins HB0318S01 26 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2020 Hollins HB0318S01 71 0 100.0% House/ passed 3rd reading
2019 Hollins HJR008S01 69 0 100.0% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2019 Hollins HJR008S01 26 0 100.0% Senate/ passed 3rd reading