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Representative Sandra Hollins
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 2015
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2022
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2022: 8
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2022: 0

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Rep. Sandra Hollins's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Rep. Hollins's statistical profile

20152016201720182019202020212022
Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber HouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouse
  District H23H23H23H23H23H23H23H23
  Party DDDDDDDD
Leadership NoneNoneCaucusMgrCaucusMgrNoneNoneNoneNone
Years in chamber 12345678
Years comparison LowerLowerLowerLower====HigherHigher
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Hollins 14212323
Chamber average 6.77.06.77.17.37.36.67.1
Difference -5.7-3.0-4.7-6.1-5.3-4.3-4.6-4.1
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Rep. Hollins's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 14212323
Bills passed 12112212
Passage rate 100%50%50%100%100%67%50%67%
Chamber average 63%54%61%53%63%58%60%58%
Difference +37-3.5-11.4+47+37+9.4-9.8+8.8
Comparison HigherHigher==LowerHigherHigherHigherHigher==Lower==
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 00110121
Chamber average 3.83.33.63.43.43.13.13.0
Difference -3.8-3.3-2.6-2.4-3.4-2.1-1.1-2.0
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 414217681241521
Total votes held 699657727734752698666711
Absentee rate 0.6%2.1%2.9%10%11%3.4%2.3%3.0%
Chamber average 6.3%6.4%5.2%8.0%6.4%7.1%6.1%5.7%
Difference -5.7-4.3-2.3+2.0+4.6-3.7-3.8-2.7
Comparison LowerLowerLower==HigherLower==Lower
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 93871096360547258
Total votes held 699657727734752698666711
"Nay" rate 13%13%15%8.6%8.0%7.7%11%8.2%
Chamber average 8.6%7.3%7.1%6.5%6.5%7.0%7.7%6.5%
Difference +4.4+5.7+7.9+2.1+1.5+0.7+3.3+1.7
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher==HigherHigher
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
Winning side rate (learn more). What percentage of the time (excluding near-unanimous votes) is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Winning side rate 55%54%50%56%48%60%39%57%
Chamber average 67%66%67%66%68%67%66%67%
Difference -12.7-12.0-17.3-10.3-20.3-6.6-27.5-10.0
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
Ideology score (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using W-NOMINATE algorithm developed by Congressional scholars, I calculate each legislator's relative ideology after each General Session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning. They are only relative: A legislator with a higher score is to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. Scores may be compared only within a single chamber and a single year. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
Contact me for scores. They get misinterpreted often enough that I now provide them only to political scientists.
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Rep. Hollins support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 98%99%96%98%98%97%98%98%
Chamber average 94%95%95%94%95%95%94%95%
Difference +4.6+4.2+1.3+4.5+2.7+2.1+4.5+2.2
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
 
20152016201720182019202020212022
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 96%98%95%95%91%92%93%91%
Chamber average 82%85%87%83%85%83%85%84%
Difference +14+12+7.6+12+5.9+8.2+8.6+7.4
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher

Votes on Rep. Hollins's bills

Only 13 bills sponsored by Rep. Hollins have come to a vote. Listed below are all votes held on bills that Rep. Hollins sponsored. The votes are sorted by vote margin, with the most divisive votes listed first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2017 Hollins HB0156S01 40 32 11% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Hollins HB0428S02 19 10 31% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2017 Hollins HB0156S01 47 23 34% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2018 Hollins HR0001S01 48 22 37% House/ passed 3rd reading
2021 Hollins HB0345S02 20 6 54% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2021 Hollins HB0345S02 61 12 67% House/ passed 3rd reading
2021 Hollins HB0345S02 62 10 72% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2022 Hollins HB0428S02 65 9 76% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Hollins HB0238S01 68 3 92% House/ passed 3rd reading
2015 Hollins HCR004 69 1 97% House/ passed 3rd reading