Menu Adam R Brown

Return to the Guide to the Utah Legislature.

Senator Keith Grover
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 2007
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2022
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2022: 12
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2022: 4

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Sen. Keith Grover's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Sen. Grover's statistical profile

Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber HouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseHouseSenateSenateSenateSenate
  District H61H61H61H61H61H61H61H61H61H61H61H61S15S15S15S15
Leadership NoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNoneNone
Years in chamber 1234567891011121234
Years comparison LowerLowerLowerLower====HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherLowerLowerLowerLower
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Grover 6343647031119224
Chamber average
Difference -0.1-3.1-1.9-3.1-0.3-2.4+1.2-6.4-3.7-6.0-5.7-6.1-1.2-7.7-7.4-5.6
Comparison ==LowerLowerLower==Lower==LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower==LowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Sen. Grover's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 6343647031119224
Bills passed 3131304031119214
Passage rate 50%33%75%33%50%0.0%57%0.0%100%100%100%100%100%100%50%100%
Chamber average 51%53%60%61%55%54%66%52%63%54%61%53%78%70%71%71%
Difference -0.6-19.8+15-27.9-5.0-54.3-8.8-52.2+37+46+39+47+22+30-20.7+29
Comparison ==LowerHigherLower==LowerLower==LowerLowerHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherLowerHigherHigher
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 0023455696576223
Chamber average
Difference -3.1-3.2-0.8+0.2+0.7+1.9+1.5+2.5+5.2+2.7+1.4+3.6-7.6-11.3-10.4-10.4
Comparison LowerLower======HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 341741159344757564495109754435
Total votes held 602616600614651651658664699657727734975910919931
Absentee rate 5.6%2.8%0.7%1.8%0.8%1.4%5.2%7.1%8.2%8.5%6.1%13%11%8.2%4.8%3.8%
Chamber average 8.3%8.3%6.0%6.8%7.1%5.7%5.9%6.2%6.3%6.4%5.2%8.0%11%11%8.0%12%
Difference -2.7-5.5-5.3-5.0-6.3-4.3-0.7+0.9+1.9+2.1+0.9+5.0-0.2-3.3-3.2-8.4
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower======Higher==Higher==LowerLowerLower
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 30303942383657405148362421282923
Total votes held 602616600614651651658664699657727734975910919931
"Nay" rate 5.0%4.9%6.5%6.8%5.8%5.5%8.7%6.0%7.3%7.3%5.0%3.3%2.2%3.1%3.2%2.5%
Chamber average 7.2%6.0%8.1%7.4%8.4%7.8%7.3%7.5%8.6%7.3%7.1%6.5%2.7%2.5%4.0%2.6%
Difference -2.2-1.1-1.6-0.6-2.6-2.3+1.4-1.5-1.3+0.0-2.1-3.2-0.5+0.6-0.8-0.1
Comparison LowerLowerLower==LowerLowerHigherLowerLower==LowerLowerLower==HigherLower==
Winning side rate (learn more). What percentage of the time (excluding near-unanimous votes) is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Winning side rate 80%73%70%65%77%75%59%69%71%61%70%75%72%67%65%67%
Chamber average 67%69%66%69%69%67%67%67%67%66%67%66%70%71%70%71%
Difference +13+4.0+3.7-4.3+7.8+7.2-7.2+2.2+3.8-4.9+2.9+9.0+1.7-4.2-4.8-3.2
Comparison Higher====LowerHigherHigherLower==HigherLower==Higher====Lower==
Ideology score (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using W-NOMINATE algorithm developed by Congressional scholars, I calculate each legislator's relative ideology after each General Session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning. They are only relative: A legislator with a higher score is to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. Scores may be compared only within a single chamber and a single year. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
Contact me for scores. They get misinterpreted often enough that I now provide them only to political scientists.
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Sen. Grover support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 95%96%96%96%96%96%94%95%93%94%95%98%98%98%98%98%
Chamber average 95%95%94%95%94%94%95%94%94%95%95%94%98%98%97%98%
Difference +0.9+0.3+1.3+1.5+2.3+1.6-0.5+1.3-0.8-0.8+0.4+3.7-0.2-0.7+0.30.0
Comparison Higher==HigherHigherHigherHigher==Higher==========Lower====
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 91%93%96%99%99%91%93%94%86%93%91%98%93%97%97%100%
Chamber average 79%82%81%84%85%83%81%80%82%85%87%83%92%91%88%92%
Difference +11+11+15+14+14+8.7+12+14+4.1+7.4+4.2+15+1.4+6.2+8.7+8.2
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher==HigherHigherHigherHigherHigher

Votes on Sen. Grover's bills

Many votes have been held on bills sponsored by Sen. Grover. In the interest of space, I display only the most and least divisive votes held on Sen. Grover's bills.

Sen. Grover's most divisive bills

Listed below are the 10 votes on bills sponsored by Sen. Grover that had the closest vote margin (as a percent of the total votes cast). When there are ties, I list the most recent bills first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2009 Grover HB0080 42 32 14% House/ passed 3rd reading
2013 Grover HB0017 29 45 22% House/ failed
2011 Grover HB0183S01 16 8 33% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2011 Grover HB0183S01 46 22 35% House/ passed 3rd reading
2009 Grover HB0080 49 23 36% House/ concurs with Senate amendments
2016 Grover HB0196 50 22 39% House/ passed 3rd reading
2021 Grover SB0148S03 49 21 40% House/ passed 3rd reading
2011 Grover HB0183S01 15 4 58% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2015 Grover HB0001S01 61 13 65% House/ passed 3rd reading
2013 Grover HB0014 61 11 69% House/ passed 3rd reading

Sen. Grover's least divisive bills

Listed below are the 10 votes on bills sponsored by Sen. Grover that had the widest vote margin (as a percent of the total votes cast). When there are ties, I display the most recent bills first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2022 Grover SB0219 66 0 100% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Grover SB0219 24 0 100% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Grover SB0219 23 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd reading
2022 Grover SB0037 73 0 100% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Grover SB0037 27 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2022 Grover SB0036 71 0 100% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Grover SB0036 27 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2022 Grover SB0001 71 0 100% House/ passed 3rd reading
2022 Grover SB0001 26 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2021 Grover SB0148S03 25 0 100% Senate/ concurs with House amendment