Menu Adam R Brown

Return to the Guide to the Utah Legislature.

Representative James R. Gowans
Utah legislator profile

Years served in the Utah legislature

First session in legislature: 1993
Most recent year of service for which data are available: 2010
Total sessions served in Utah House as of 2010: 18
Total sessions served in Utah Senate as of 2010: 0

How to read the statistical profile

I present a variety of statistics about Rep. James R. Gowans's service in the Utah legislature. I highlight differences from chamber averages using little green and red arrows. The number of arrows is statistically determined. More arrows indicate a larger difference compared to the chamber average, in relation to how much diversity there is among legislators on this metric. If all legislators introduce exactly 5 bills, then a legislator who introduces 10 is very different; if legislators vary wildly in how many bills they introduce (but the average is still 5), then a legislator who introduces 10 bills may be less different from average. The standard deviation measures this diversity.

Rep. Gowans's statistical profile

Service summary. Service prior to 2007 (if any) is not shown here. My database goes back only to 2007.
  Chamber HouseHouseHouseHouse
  District H21H21H21H21
  Party DDDD
Leadership NoneNoneWhipWhip
Years in chamber 15161718
Years comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
Bills sponsored (learn more) Bills written and promoted by the legislator in his/her own chamber.
Introduced by Gowans 4423
Chamber average
Difference -2.1-2.1-3.9-3.1
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Bill passage rate (learn more). What percent of Rep. Gowans's sponsored bills pass and are officially "enrolled"? (I ignore whether the governor signed or vetoted the bill.)
Bills introduced 4423
Bills passed 1222
Passage rate 25%50%100%67%
Chamber average 51%53%60%61%
Difference -25.6-2.8+40+6.1
Comparison Lower==HigherHigher==
Bills floor sponsored. A "floor sponsor" is like a secondary sponsor of a bill. After a bill passes the sponsor's chamber, its sponsor needs to find a "floor sponsor" in the other chamber to usher it through the other chamber.
Total floor sponsored 4400
Chamber average
Difference +0.9+0.8-2.8-2.8
Comparison ====LowerLower
Missed votes (learn more). Usually missed votes occur because of competing obligations within the legislature, not because the legislator has left the capitol.
Missed votes 748561132
Total votes held 602616600614
Absentee rate 12%14%10%21%
Chamber average 8.3%8.3%6.0%6.8%
Difference +3.7+5.7+4.0+14
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigherHigherHigher
"Nay" votes (learn more). Most floor votes pass by overwhelming majorities, since unpopular bills get weeded out long before they reach the floor. As a result, "nay" votes are rare.
"Nay" votes 73575334
Total votes held 602616600614
"Nay" rate 12%9.3%8.8%5.5%
Chamber average 7.2%6.0%8.1%7.4%
Difference +4.8+3.3+0.7-1.9
Comparison HigherHigherHigherHigher==Lower
Winning side rate (learn more). What percentage of the time (excluding near-unanimous votes) is the legislator on the winning side of a floor vote?
Winning side rate 46%58%63%73%
Chamber average 67%69%66%69%
Difference -20.2-11.0-3.9+3.6
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLower==
Ideology score (NOMINATE method) (learn more). Using W-NOMINATE algorithm developed by Congressional scholars, I calculate each legislator's relative ideology after each General Session. I describe the method here. Scores have no intrinsic meaning. They are only relative: A legislator with a higher score is to the right ideologically of a legislator with a lower scale. Scores may be compared only within a single chamber and a single year. In most years, a conservative Republican will have a score above 0; a score close to 100 is extreme.
Contact me for scores. They get misinterpreted often enough that I now provide them only to political scientists.
Party support score (overall) (learn more). How consistently does Rep. Gowans support his/her party? That is, what percentage of the time does the legislator vote with the majority of the other members of his/her party? Scores are usually easily above 90%.
Score (overall) 88%92%94%93%
Chamber average 95%95%94%95%
Difference -6.1-3.3-0.8-1.6
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower
Party support score (party-line only) (learn more). This is the same as the "raw" party support score, but we look only at party-line votes when calculating this. A "party-line" vote occurs when the majority of Democrats votes against the majority of Republicans. Although party-line votes are rare, looking at the legislator's party support score in this setting can be revealing.
Score (party-line only) 59%61%65%56%
Chamber average 79%82%81%84%
Difference -20.5-20.6-16.1-28.4
Comparison LowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLowerLower

Votes on Rep. Gowans's bills

Only 11 bills sponsored by Rep. Gowans have come to a vote. Listed below are all votes held on bills that Rep. Gowans sponsored. The votes are sorted by vote margin, with the most divisive votes listed first.

Year Sponsor Bill Ayes Nays Margin
(as % of total votes)
Type of vote
2007 Gowans HB0084S03 23 4 70% Senate/ pass 2nd
2007 Gowans HB0084S03 63 8 77% House/ passed 3rd reading
2008 Gowans HB0409 63 6 83% House/ passed 3rd reading
2007 Gowans HB0446 65 2 94% House/ passed 3rd reading
2010 Gowans HB0406S01 62 1 97% House/ passed 3rd reading
2010 Gowans HB0406S01 71 0 100% House/ concurs with Senate amendment
2010 Gowans HB0406S01 28 0 100% Senate/ passed 2nd & 3rd readings/ suspension
2010 Gowans HB0069 25 0 100% Senate/ passed 3rd reading
2010 Gowans HB0069 74 0 100% House/ passed 3rd reading
2009 Gowans HB0383 28 0 100% Senate/ pass 3rd